The 13th five year plan for the development of the

2022-08-02
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The 13th five year plan for energy development was issued, and the annual growth rate of China's energy consumption will drop to 2.5%

the 2020 goal of China's energy development was officially announced. When the growth rate of energy consumption slows down, increasing the proportion of clean energy and adjusting the layout of energy development are listed as the maintenance of oil sources: regularly checking whether the main engine and oil sources are oil leaking places is the top priority during the 13th Five Year Plan period

On January 5, the national development and Reform Commission and the Energy Administration jointly issued the 13th five year plan for energy development (hereinafter referred to as the plan), and a number of special development plans, including power, coal, photovoltaic, etc., were successively issued at the end of last year

the plan proposes that by 2020, China's total energy consumption will be controlled within 5billion tons of standard coal. Liyangzhe, deputy director of the national energy administration, explained that from the perspective of average annual growth rate, the average annual growth rate of total energy consumption during the 13th Five Year Plan period is expected to be about 2.5%, a decrease of 1.1% compared with the 12th Five Year Plan period, which is in line with the new trend of energy consumption under the new normal of China's economy. At the same time, according to the planning objectives, the energy consumption per unit of GDP will decrease by more than 15% during the 13th Five Year Plan period

heyongjian, deputy director of the development planning department of the national energy administration, believes that the previous five-year energy development plans were designed under the situation of long-term energy supply tension, so the main tone is to expand capacity and ensure supply. Under the new situation, supply guarantee is no longer the focus and main contradiction of China's energy development, but how to improve the quality and efficiency of energy development, heyongjian said

adjusting the energy structure has therefore become one of the priorities of this round of planning. The plan specifies that during the 13th Five Year Plan period, a number of major hydropower and nuclear power projects will be planned and constructed, wind power, solar energy and other renewable energy will be steadily developed, the scale, layout, channel and market will be well connected, and the domestic natural gas consumption market will be expanded

according to the goals set in the plan, by 2020, the proportion of domestic non fossil energy and natural gas consumption will be increased to 15% and 10% respectively, while the proportion of coal consumption is expected to be reduced to less than 58%. According to this indicator, the consumption increment of non fossil energy and natural gas will be more than three times that of coal, accounting for more than 68% of the total increment of energy consumption

liyangzhe said that by 2020, the annual utilization of commercial renewable energy will reach 580million tons of standard coal. With nuclear power, the goal of 15% of non fossil energy can be basically achieved. The Chinese government has previously made it clear that by 2020, the proportion of non fossil energy in primary energy consumption will increase to 15%. During the 12th Five Year Plan period, this proportion has increased from 8.6% in 2010 to 12% in 2015

however, liyangzhe also pointed out that in a long period of time in the future, Guoliang copper and copper alloy new material products will obtain authoritative certification. Coal is still the main energy in China, which is the most basic national condition of China. Based on this, the plan also emphasizes the importance of clean and efficient utilization of coal: during the 13th Five Year Plan period, China plans to complete the ultra-low emission transformation of 420million kW coal-fired power units

in this 13th five year development blueprint, the national energy administration also revealed its determination to change the original energy pattern of power transmission from the west to the East, gas transmission from the west to the East and coal transportation from the north to the south. Due to resource endowments and other factors, most of China's most important energy bases are located in the northwest, and most of the new energy projects such as photovoltaic and wind power that have sprung up in recent years are also rooted here

liyangzhe believes that after China's economy enters the new normal, the market space of major energy consuming regions shrinks, and the enthusiasm for receiving energy outside the region generally decreases, which will aggravate the interest contradiction between energy sending and receiving regions

therefore, the plan has made 16.0 adjustments to the domestic energy development layout, and the new wind power and photovoltaic projects will be transferred to the eastern and central regions: the central and eastern regions account for about 58% of the new wind power installed capacity; The central and eastern regions account for about 56% of the new solar energy installed capacity. At the same time, compared with the initial stage of planning and research, the transmission channel connecting the energy transmission and receiving areas has also greatly promoted the reduction of scientific and technological innovation

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